Blood Test Levels for Diagnosis of DM and Prediabetes
The following shows blood test levels of a normal person, someone with Prediabetes and someone with Diabetes Mellitus.
HbA1c = 5.6 or lower
Fasting BS of 99 or lower
2 Hour pp BS of 139 or lower
HbA1c = 5.7 to 6.4999
Fasting BS of 100 to 125
2 hour pp BS of 140 to 199
HbA1c = 6.5 or higher
Fasting BS of 126 or higher
Any pp BS of 200 or higher
What can we do to reverse Prediabetes?
- Weight Loss – losing 5% to 7% can reverse prediabetes in many cases
- Exercise – 30 minutes of excercise 4 to 5 days a week
- Cutting Fat and Calorie Intake –
- Metformin – espeically in those patients with HbA1c’s of 6.0 or higher
Metaformin enhances glucose uptake and utilization, decreaeses hepatic glucose production and decreases intestinal absorption of glucose.